IoT of the future


by Naief Budawelah    |   Student ID: @00508322

Blog Post – 3 /6

Farmbot (the IoT of farming food of the future)

The world’s population is expected to rise from 7 billion to a whopping 9 billion by 2050. Moreover, to accommodate the needs of all earthlings, we need much more food than what we have today.

The world hunger and reduction of food supplies around the world become a very challenging task for individuals, organizations as well as governments.

To resolve this kind of dilemma, an idea introduced by a mechanical engineering student from California Polytechnic State University; Rory Aronson, where he founded an open source community project called ”Farmbot”; thus an excellent use of IoT in the field of agriculture and home farming”; the idea of the project was to make growing food as easy as playing “Farmville” game in the PC. (Finley, 2014)

the idea of the project was to make growing food as easy as playing “Farmville”

To resolve and overcome the problems of traditional farming methods, he suggested precision farming methodology. Precision farmers usually use high tech instruments to farm like the use of drones and self-steering tractors to use fertilizer, water, and other farming resources efficiently.

They can give plants precisely the right amount of water, for example, or apply pesticides only when and where they are needed. Aronson however, acquired all these knowledge and techniques from a study made by a group of researchers from Purdue University & National Institute of Agricultural Technology in Argentina concluded that precision agriculture could play an essential role in sustainable farming.

That research paper gave Aronson hint of repeating the same concept with a CNC like a machine that operates like the inkjet printer to print the seeds in the soil. Moreover, instead of using the camera to monitor weeds,  this invention of his, identify the exact position of all crops in the soil by using IoT sensors, the same way he uses a magnetic head to replace the seed head with watering head and so forth. (Aronson, 2013)

Figure 3.1 Farbot Genesis the world first automated open source farming machine

Thus, fully optimized to take decision automatically adjusts water, fertilizer, and pesticide regimens; seed spacing, timing, and more based on soil and weather conditions; sensor data, location, and time of year.

FarmBot Whitepaper -6241 Decission Support system
Figure 3.1 The Decision Support System part of the farmbot AI system

Figure 3.2 a commercial video by Rory Aronson about Farmbot



ARONSON, R. L. 2013. FarmBot Whitepaper [Online]. Available: [Accessed 16/6 2018].

FINLEY, K. 2014. Out in the Open: This Farmbot Makes Growing Food as Easy as Playing Farmville [Online]. Available: [Accessed 16/6 2018].



IoT of the future


by Naief Budawelah    |   Student ID: @00508322

Blog Post – 2 /6

Moving IoT devices fast-forwards because of the rapid adoption and implementation of IoT sensors and smart devices in various industries. Sensors become smaller every day, cheaper and they drain less power and have more computer horsepower. Also, the capital investment for enterprise IoT become very minimal. IoT devices are everywhere, from the traffic light helping to minimize traffic congestion to the monitor your vital health signs. Sensors are pervasive in your everyday lifestyle.

The more IoT enables devices available to raise the need for more data storage, and the more significant storage space become raised another demand for Cloud computing, thus result in  Bigdata. Thus provide the basic recipe for insight and data analytics and lead in systematic decision making (AI system), which will give a tremendous value from those collected data. (Mann, 2015)

With all these collected data drive the technology and the analytical methods that can be applied to streaming data for IoT device, data in motion. Thus result to automation for all of our life aspect, which will lead eventually to business to monetize the IoT

With all mentioned capability at hand, new industries are born and starting to investigate opportunities for deploying sensors to manage the performance of processes or machinery better, as well as to track the behavior of peoples and anticipate their needs and aims.

One thing is certain the IoT era is inevitable

there are as many as 24 billion or more activated IoT devices by the year 2020—a staggering number of 200% growth figure 2.1. (First, 2017)


Figure 2.1 IoT Infographics (Cyrus, 2018)

One thing is certain the IoT era is inevitable. Wherever it goes, it will get there faster.

The strength of IoT devices lies in their ability to communicate with each other. The more you have on a net, the more complex tasks they can achieve by combining their functions. If your smart car can warn you about the weather and auto-drive you to work, that’s great.  With a mixture of IoT data streams and Bigdata analytic make things get smarter every day.

Below is an excellent example of implementing an adaptive synthetic sensor where it could recognize the environment around us, and send all these raw data to the computer to analyze and give feedback for that particular event. (Laput, 2017)

Figure 2.2 Synthetic Sensors: Towards General-Purpose Sensing (Laput, 2017)


CYRUS. 2018. How the Internet of Things Will Change Our World {Infographic} [Online]. Best Infographics. Available: [Accessed 11/6 2018].

FIRST, C. 2017. Where the Internet of Things Stands Today [Online]. C First Computer Consultants. Available: [Accessed 11/6 2018].

LAPUT, G., ZHANG, Y. AND HARRISON. 2017. Synthetic Sensors: Towards General-Purpose Sensing [Online]. Future Interfaces Group. Available: [Accessed 11/6 2018].

MANN, J. 2015. The Internet of Things: Opportunities and Applications across Industries. In: ANALYTICS, I. I. F. (ed.). sas: sas.


IoT of the future


by Naief Budawelah    |   Student ID: @00508322


IoT or the Internet of things is a new abbreviation term in the dictionary refers to physical devices that feature an IP address to connect to the internet and communication occurred between these devices and other objects around us. While mobile devices have multiple sensory and internet connectivity, it is not considered part of IoT; IoT is a much narrower category that mainly groups embedded devices mostly with a headless interface. Internet connectivity enables IoT devices to collect and exchange data on our physical and mental health. Also, this study highlights the future of IoT grows and the impact on our privacy may a raised from those tiny devices.

Blog Post – 1 /6

Based on a web report “Digital in 2017: Global Overview” (Kemp, 2017), 55% of The world today are using mobile phones and tablets devices to connect to the internet, and the whole planet will be connected to the internet with “Things” we call it the internet of things (IoT), that includes machines, appliances, building systems, vehicles, animals tags and so forth.

With the worldwide mobile phones adoption, internet connectivity has been so prevalent that new applications and usage scenarios were invented to enhance our lifestyle, home appliances introduced a more continent way to interact or operate the devices. Further opportunities have been introduced considering the benefit of Bigdata analysis for all of these connected devices. Better power consumption, more secure environment are examples of such benefits.

That crazy future we were promised as in the science fiction movies is growing-up and starting to show up in our real life

The internet landscape today is growing at an astronomical rate. It’s not just about our PCs, notebooks, tablets or smartphones anymore. There is now a significant number of devices that are internet connected, for example fridge, washing machines, door locks, vacuum cleaners, toys and even coffee maker and toasters are now “smart devices”, That crazy future we were promised as in the science fiction movies is growing-up and starting to show up in our real life, and consumers are herding to own a piece of that promise future devices. As a result, we have now what is called the “Internet of Things” the new term for anything that connects to the internet.(Symantec, 2018)




KEMP, S. 2017. Digital in 2017: Global Overview [Online]. Available: [Accessed 4 Aug 2017].

SYMANTEC. 2018. Internet of Things (IoT) [Online]. Available: [Accessed 8/6 2018].