IoT of the future


by Naief Budawelah    |   Student ID: @00508322

Blog Post – 3 /6

Moving IoT devices fast-forwards because of the rapid adoption and implementation of IoT sensors and smart devices in various industries. Sensors become smaller every day, cheaper and they drain less power and have more computer horsepower. Also, the capital investment for enterprise IoT become very minimal. IoT devices are everywhere, from the traffic light helping to minimize traffic congestion to the monitor your vital health signs. Sensors are pervasive in your everyday lifestyle.

The more IoT enables devices available to raise the need for more data storage, and the more significant storage space become raised another demand for Cloud computing, thus result in  Bigdata. Thus provide the basic recipe for insight and data analytics and lead in systematic decision making (AI system), which will give a tremendous value from those collected data. (Mann, 2015)

With all these collected data drive the technology and the analytical methods that can be applied to streaming data for IoT device, data in motion. Thus result to automation for all of our life aspect, which will lead eventually to business to monetize the IoT

With all mentioned capability at hand, new industries are born and starting to investigate opportunities for deploying sensors to manage the performance of processes or machinery better, as well as to track the behavior of peoples and anticipate their needs and aims.

One thing is certain the IoT era is inevitable

there are as many as 24 billion or more activated IoT devices by the year 2020—a staggering number of 200% growth figure 2.1. (First, 2017)


Figure 2.1 IoT Infographics (Cyrus, 2018)

One thing is certain the IoT era is inevitable. Wherever it goes, it will get there faster.

The strength of IoT devices lies in their ability to communicate with each other. The more you have on a net, the more complex tasks they can achieve by combining their functions. If your smart car can warn you about the weather and auto-drive you to work, that’s great.  With a mixture of IoT data streams and Bigdata analytic make things get smarter every day.

Below is an excellent example of implementing an adaptive synthetic sensor where it could recognize the environment around us, and send all these raw data to the computer to analyze and give feedback for that particular event. (Laput, 2017)

Figure 2.2 Synthetic Sensors: Towards General-Purpose Sensing (Laput, 2017)



CYRUS. 2018. How the Internet of Things Will Change Our World {Infographic} [Online]. Best Infographics. Available: [Accessed 11/6 2018].

FIRST, C. 2017. Where the Internet of Things Stands Today [Online]. C First Computer Consultants. Available: [Accessed 11/6 2018].

LAPUT, G., ZHANG, Y. AND HARRISON. 2017. Synthetic Sensors: Towards General-Purpose Sensing [Online]. Future Interfaces Group. Available: [Accessed 11/6 2018].

MANN, J. 2015. The Internet of Things: Opportunities and Applications across Industries. In: ANALYTICS, I. I. F. (ed.). sas: sas.


IoT of the future


by Naief Budawelah    |   Student ID: @00508322

Blog Post – 6 /6

IoT Security (the Dark Side of the IoT)

The internet of the future will be measured in trillions of dollars,  and the number of IoT devices connected to the internet will be measured in billions, and that number is a disruptive number in term of social impact in our life.

As IoT grows and becomes more advanced and much smaller day by day, it also opens the doors for a new security threat. While those devices are tiny and drain low energy and have low calculation horsepower CPU, thus making encryption on the other hand very complicated; which make it prone to hackers attacks.

Hackers have already made many attempts to download IoT devices with the DDoS attack, and they succeeded in many occasions. For example, in 2016 a malware hit surveillance DVR system, that malware called “Mirai” access vulnerable IoT devices using their weakness and surprisingly was the default password and usernames?!, this attack caused one of the biggest online hosting companies around the globe to shut down their services momentarily. (Dignan, 2016)

Moreover, the malware was an “open source” malware, which makes it even worse, because anyone with the evil intention on the internet can modify this malware to become his. Therefore, antivirus and security companies around the world work to find a cure for such as attack quickly, however the risk still there even with minimal impact.

Another example in the healthcare sector, CNN has reported, that FDA Agency found a vulnerability in cardiac IoT device in the major hospitals in the USA, where a hacker can gain access to that device and change the pacing rhythm or deplete the battery or apply a lethal shock to the patient. (Larson, 2017)

As IoT grows and becomes more advanced and much smaller day by day, it also opens the doors for a new security threat.

So, what about Android Things does this technology solves the security problem of IoT for good?

Indeed, but until Android Things become the norm of IoT devices, which I believe will take a long time until then. However, we still need to deal with this kind of attacks from time to time.

It is very similar to “Terminator” movie where machines attack humans after a virus infected “Skynet network”.

However, technology is also evolving, nowadays CPUs become smaller and smaller but much powerful than the CPUs and RISK processers of the 80’s and 90’s.


Figure 6.1 Mirai attack in 2016 (Grau, 2016)


IoT era is inevitable, and the advances in this field are significant. However,  in any new technology, there are some challenges, but IoT technology will prevail and become the next human milestone since the stone age.


DIGNAN, L. 2016. Dyn confirms Mirai botnet involved in distributed denial of service attack [Online]. Available: [Accessed 22/6 2018].
GRAU, A. 2016. Mirai Botnet Shows Just How Vulnerable the IoT Really Is [Online]. Available: [Accessed 22/6 2018].
LARSON, S. 2017. FDA confirms that St. Jude’s cardiac devices can be hacked [Online]. CNN. Available: [Accessed 22/6 2018].

IoT of the future


by Naief Budawelah    |   Student ID: @00508322

Blog Post – 5 /6

Android Things (the future of IoT Programming)

Imagine a platform that unifies all of IoT around us. Google has the wish to come true, with the popularity of the IoT around the world the people at Google find it very interested to invest in that fascinated world.

What do we mean by Android Things?

It is an Android version deign specifically of the Internet of Things gadgets. So with the development of this kind of operating systems connected IoT devices will be managed and controlled correctly and without any buggy software might corrupt precious IoT devices. With Android Things, Google wanted to provide a universal OS layer so every device will have the same method of communication. Moreover, Google has already invested in IoT long time ago, with devices like Google Thermostat, Google Home and Google Wifi and so forth.

With Android Things, Google wanted to provide a universal OS layer so every device will have the same method of communication

Google will benefit from this platform, in other words with every IoT device operating their system will collect a massive amount of data, this will result in IoT market domination for google.

So, what’s in it for the developer, having a bulletproof platform to run their devices will cut the production cost up to 90% and reduce the production time as well. So IoT manufacture can deliver on time and don’t miss the market continuity anymore.

Moreover, of course, that includes all the known security and privacy of Android so that software update will be more comfortable and coherent with Google standard, and that will prevent IoT devices from crashing or having software bugs anymore. (Hildenbrand, 2018)


Figure 5.1 Android Things platform (Team, 2016)

What is consumer benefit from Android Things?

What google try is in the consumer befit by the end, because they are trying to unify all the spaghetti codes in the IoT devices around us like the thermostat, smart TVs ..  and so forth, so the wanted to cleanse all those devices from bugs might corrupt the device or harm us.

It is like the invention of the GPS, in the beginning, the use of the GPS was strictly for military purposes and was developed by the army for the army. However, when the commercial sector gets involved in GPS for cars, that development of the GPS rapidly become very advanced, and many companies around the world form alliance to standardize the GPS protocols to be recognized by all navigation devices, so, by today GPS become a defacto on every modern car around the globe. The same thing will happen for the Android of thing with the time, especially Google already form alliance from the big players on the market such as Intel, Raspberry, NXP and more.

Another example, if you would like to purchase accessories for your car like security system, all radio system they must meet the same communication protocol for your car to be installed.

 Figure 5.2 What is Android Things? (Smith, 2017)


HILDENBRAND, J. 2018. Android Things: Everything you need to know about Google’s plan to disrupt IoT [Online]. Available: [Accessed 20/6 2018].
SMITH, D. 2017. Introduction to Android Things [Online]. Available: [Accessed 20/6 2018].
TEAM, E. 2016. Redefining The Way Business Interact by Android Things – Emerging Platform for IoT [Online]. Available: [Accessed 20/6 2018].

IoT of the future


by Naief Budawelah    |   Student ID: @00508322

Blog Post – 4 /6

Smart City (the city of the future)

IoT devices will not be used by the consumers only; it extends to the companies, organization, governments as well as villages and cities. That’s mean the whole city will be entirely autonomous and don’t need any human intervention to control and monitor, which mean the city automation system will remotely monitor and manage and collect data via IoT devices implement through the city such as the visitor kiosks, surveillance cameras, bicycle renting stations, rental cars .. and so forth. (Symantec, 2018)

IoT use in public transportation system is significant, smart road traffic management system used to observe and analyze the flow of the road traffic, to adjust the roads accordingly from becoming congested or jammed; especially during the rush hour time. (Rouse, 2017)

Smart Street LightinFigure 4.1 Smart street lighting (Barcelona, 2018) 

One of the primary use of IoT for the smart city is to conserve energy in the cities. By using IoT sensors, a streetlight will dim when aren’t any cars or pedestrians on the street autonomously figure 4.1. The smart-grid is one of the most important implementations of the IoT in the smart city; that technology will help the grid to improve efficiency operations, supply for on-demand power as well as precise maintenance scheduling.

The smart-grid is one of the most important implementations of the IoT in the smart city

The smart city also addresses the environmental issues, such as air pollution. Air freshness will be improved with smart city initiatives. IoT trash garbage cans will improve garbage waste collection and recycling as well.
also, IoT sensors will help to drink water efficiently with less water waste, which will affect water drainage by the end figure 4.2.

With the use of IoT in the smart city will enhance public security, by surveillance the dense crime zones to improve police efficiency with sensors and aerial drones as well. Another example of the use of IoT sensors for public safety, IoT can be an essential component of early warning system before catastrophy occurred such as hurricanes, earthquake, flood .. and so forth.

Figure 4.2 Smart city components (, 2017) 

Figure 4.3 What is smart city? (Energies, 2015)



BARCELONA, F. 2018. Smart City Expo World Congress Infographics [Online]. Available: [Accessed 18/6 2018].
BILKULONLINE.COM. 2017. ‘India’s smart cities’ plan can adversely impact environment’ [Online]. Available: [Accessed 18/6 2018].
ENERGIES, V. 2015. What is smart city? [Online]. Available: [Accessed 18/6 2018].
ROUSE, M. 2017. smart city [Online]. Available: [Accessed 18/6 2018].
SYMANTEC. 2018. 5 predictions on the future of the Internet of Things [Online]. Available: [Accessed 18/6 2018].