IoT of the future


by Naief Budawelah    |   Student ID: @00508322

Blog Post – 6 /6

IoT Security (the Dark Side of the IoT)

The internet of the future will be measured in trillions of dollars,  and the number of IoT devices connected to the internet will be measured in billions, and that number is a disruptive number in term of social impact in our life.

As IoT grows and becomes more advanced and much smaller day by day, it also opens the doors for a new security threat. While those devices are tiny and drain low energy and have low calculation horsepower CPU, thus making encryption on the other hand very complicated; which make it prone to hackers attacks.

Hackers have already made many attempts to download IoT devices with the DDoS attack, and they succeeded in many occasions. For example, in 2016 a malware hit surveillance DVR system, that malware called “Mirai” access vulnerable IoT devices using their weakness and surprisingly was the default password and usernames?!, this attack caused one of the biggest online hosting companies around the globe to shut down their services momentarily. (Dignan, 2016)

Moreover, the malware was an “open source” malware, which makes it even worse, because anyone with the evil intention on the internet can modify this malware to become his. Therefore, antivirus and security companies around the world work to find a cure for such as attack quickly, however the risk still there even with minimal impact.

Another example in the healthcare sector, CNN has reported, that FDA Agency found a vulnerability in cardiac IoT device in the major hospitals in the USA, where a hacker can gain access to that device and change the pacing rhythm or deplete the battery or apply a lethal shock to the patient. (Larson, 2017)

As IoT grows and becomes more advanced and much smaller day by day, it also opens the doors for a new security threat.

So, what about Android Things does this technology solves the security problem of IoT for good?

Indeed, but until Android Things become the norm of IoT devices, which I believe will take a long time until then. However, we still need to deal with this kind of attacks from time to time.

It is very similar to “Terminator” movie where machines attack humans after a virus infected “Skynet network”.

However, technology is also evolving, nowadays CPUs become smaller and smaller but much powerful than the CPUs and RISK processers of the 80’s and 90’s.


Figure 6.1 Mirai attack in 2016 (Grau, 2016)


IoT era is inevitable, and the advances in this field are significant. However,  in any new technology, there are some challenges, but IoT technology will prevail and become the next human milestone since the stone age.


DIGNAN, L. 2016. Dyn confirms Mirai botnet involved in distributed denial of service attack [Online]. Available: [Accessed 22/6 2018].
GRAU, A. 2016. Mirai Botnet Shows Just How Vulnerable the IoT Really Is [Online]. Available: [Accessed 22/6 2018].
LARSON, S. 2017. FDA confirms that St. Jude’s cardiac devices can be hacked [Online]. CNN. Available: [Accessed 22/6 2018].

IoT of the future


by Naief Budawelah    |   Student ID: @00508322

Blog Post – 5 /6

Android Things (the future of IoT Programming)

Imagine a platform that unifies all of IoT around us. Google has the wish to come true, with the popularity of the IoT around the world the people at Google find it very interested to invest in that fascinated world.

What do we mean by Android Things?

It is an Android version deign specifically of the Internet of Things gadgets. So with the development of this kind of operating systems connected IoT devices will be managed and controlled correctly and without any buggy software might corrupt precious IoT devices. With Android Things, Google wanted to provide a universal OS layer so every device will have the same method of communication. Moreover, Google has already invested in IoT long time ago, with devices like Google Thermostat, Google Home and Google Wifi and so forth.

With Android Things, Google wanted to provide a universal OS layer so every device will have the same method of communication

Google will benefit from this platform, in other words with every IoT device operating their system will collect a massive amount of data, this will result in IoT market domination for google.

So, what’s in it for the developer, having a bulletproof platform to run their devices will cut the production cost up to 90% and reduce the production time as well. So IoT manufacture can deliver on time and don’t miss the market continuity anymore.

Moreover, of course, that includes all the known security and privacy of Android so that software update will be more comfortable and coherent with Google standard, and that will prevent IoT devices from crashing or having software bugs anymore. (Hildenbrand, 2018)


Figure 5.1 Android Things platform (Team, 2016)

What is consumer benefit from Android Things?

What google try is in the consumer befit by the end, because they are trying to unify all the spaghetti codes in the IoT devices around us like the thermostat, smart TVs ..  and so forth, so the wanted to cleanse all those devices from bugs might corrupt the device or harm us.

It is like the invention of the GPS, in the beginning, the use of the GPS was strictly for military purposes and was developed by the army for the army. However, when the commercial sector gets involved in GPS for cars, that development of the GPS rapidly become very advanced, and many companies around the world form alliance to standardize the GPS protocols to be recognized by all navigation devices, so, by today GPS become a defacto on every modern car around the globe. The same thing will happen for the Android of thing with the time, especially Google already form alliance from the big players on the market such as Intel, Raspberry, NXP and more.

Another example, if you would like to purchase accessories for your car like security system, all radio system they must meet the same communication protocol for your car to be installed.

 Figure 5.2 What is Android Things? (Smith, 2017)


HILDENBRAND, J. 2018. Android Things: Everything you need to know about Google’s plan to disrupt IoT [Online]. Available: [Accessed 20/6 2018].
SMITH, D. 2017. Introduction to Android Things [Online]. Available: [Accessed 20/6 2018].
TEAM, E. 2016. Redefining The Way Business Interact by Android Things – Emerging Platform for IoT [Online]. Available: [Accessed 20/6 2018].